In Japan there are four breeds that are considered Wagyu: Japanese Black (the predominant Wagyu exported to the U.S.), Japanese Brown (referred to as Red Wagyu or Akaushi in the U.S.), Japanese Polled and Japanese Shorthorn.
Wagyu were originally draft animals used in agriculture, and were selected for their physical endurance. This selection favored animals with more intra-muscular fat cells (marbling) which provided a readily-available energy source. Wagyu is a horned breed and the cattle are either black or red in color.
Go to any farm equipment show, or “surf” the internet, and you will see there are a wide range of makes and models of TMR mixer on the market today, which can make selecting the right one for you a bit confusing. In this issue we will look at the origin and key differences between the two main classifications of mixers that are available today, namely, Horizontal and Vertical mixers.
HORIZONTAL TMR MIXERS
Charles Kendall, a successful Blairsville, Pennsylvania dairy farmer, became frustrated by the time-consuming and occasionally painful process of working with barbed wire. So, when he started a fence contracting business in 1980, he decided to explore techniques to improve the efficiency of fence building. Kendall recognized the advantages of high-tensile wire and hoped to make installation easier. He felt that crimping wires together was faster and stronger than the usual hand-knotting process. Soon Kendall was manufacturing and selling the crimp sleeves, and this was the beginning of Kencove Farm Fence Supplies. Kencove is still headquartered in Blairsville, and now serves customers all over the world as a leading manufacturer and distributor of agricultural fencing supplies.
Enzyme technology is a hot topic in livestock nutrition these days, and Agri-King, Inc., based in Fulton, Ill., is leading the pack with their enzyme technology.“Agri-King uses enzyme technology to target the performance needs of multiple livestock species paired with the feedstuffs being fed to optimize feed efficiency and profitability for the global agriculture market being served,” says Dr. Dave Jones, Director of Nutrition at Agri-King.There is more nutrition in the feedstuffs we feed than livestock can extract by themselves. Given the current cost of feedstuffs and the slim margins in the livestock industry right now, everyone needs to be as efficient as possible at extracting all the possible nutrients out of the feeds we use in our livestock operations.
The Brangus breed, a 3/8 Brahman and 5/8 Angus composite, was developed to utilize the superior traits of Angus and Brahman cattle. This two breed combination resulted in a breed that unites the traits of two highly successful parent breeds. The Brahman, through rigorous natural selection, developed disease resistance, overall hardiness and outstanding maternal instincts.
When this column started, we encouraged our readers to forward their comments, questions and suggestions for topics to us by email at the address given at the end of the column. We thank you for the communications received to date, to which we reply directly. Starting with this issue, we will occasionally share with you an expanded response that was inspired by a noteworthy question.
Safe and effective cattle handling has always been important. In the last few years there has been a move toward what has been called low-stress handling or as we prefer to call it a return to sound, effective stockmanship. The animal industries must not tolerate any form of abusive behavior or handling of livestock. The culture of handling on any operation originates from upper management and is expressed by the workers on the ground.